Universal basic education in Nigeria: Challenges and prospects
Adunola Adepoju, University of Lagos
Anne Fabiyi, University of Lagos
The fundamental principle of UBE in Nigeria is that everybody must have access to equivalent education comprehensively and co-educationally. The concept of the Universal Primary Education introduced in 1976 was to change into Universal Basic Education twenty three years later. The scope of basic education has been broadened after the World Declaration on EFA, and the Framework for Action to meet Basic learning needs. The challenges were daunting - lack of physical and human resource materials, insufficient infrastructure and inadequate funding. Almost all sampled teachers in Lagos metropolis complained of poor motivation, coupled with lack of community interest and participation in the management of the schools. The study based on trend analysis of education and population statistics reveals that, the achievements of the of the UBE scheme introduced in line with MDGS have further been constrained by the rapidly expanding in-school and out-of-school age population who are the recipients.