English  ✓


Gender dimension of poverty and the Millennium Development Goals in Namibia

Maria Bernadethe Kaundjua, University of Namibia

This paper assesses progress towards achieving Millennium Development Goal (MDG3) and its effects on women poverty in Namibia. It focuses at Namibia’s performance on MDG3’s official indicators: 1) the ratio of girls to boys’ enrolment in schools, 2) ratio of literate females to males aged 15-24; 3) proportion of women in non-agricultural employment and 4) proportion of women’s seats in parliaments. The paper reviewed research materials and documents on Namibia. Findings indicate that Namibia has made progress towards achieving MDG3 indicators. Although the indicators are critical to measuring development, they do not sufficiently measure aspects of gender equality and empowerment. They do not capture the quality and outcome of education nor do they quantify barriers that inhibit women’s participation in labour markets and parliaments. Consequently, achievements based on these indicators do not truly reflect progress toward gender equality and empowerment and their potential multiplier effects on women poverty are weak.

  See paper

Presented in Poster Session 4