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Abortions and fertility in Africa

Victor Gaigbe-Togbe, United Nations
Barry Mirkin, United Nations

The purpose of the paper is to examine the abortion laws and policies, the incidence of legal abortions and the impact of induced abortions on maternal mortality in Africa. The study will address in specific countries some of the additional requirements that must be met before an abortion may be legally performed. Although, data on abortions is limited, abortion has been cited as one of the main causes of fertility decline in several African countries as the prevalence of contraceptive use is still very low in most countries. Indeed, in many countries women rely heavily on abortions to control fertility. Hence, the study will take a look at the role of abortions in the fertility decline observed in some African countries. It will also link abortions policies with the use of contraceptive and age at first marriage. Finally, the study will discuss the magnitude of unsafe abortions in Africa.

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Presented in Poster Session 2