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Family planning policy in Kenya since the stall in fertility decline: Policy space, budgeting and advocacy initiatives

Joanna Crichton, African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC)

During the past decade, prioritisation of family planning programmes has weakened in national and international policy agenda. In many African countries, this has undermined sexual and reproductive health services and the implementation of population policies. Despite Kenya’s history of political commitment to family planning, current figures show a stagnation in family planning usage and a stall in fertility decline. Based on key informant in-depth interviews and a review of academic and official publications, this paper examines recent developments in family planning policy in Kenya. It examines efforts by a range of actors to ‘reposition family planning’ in government policy and to secure the incorporation of contraceptive commodities in the national government budget of 2005. The policy space for a reprioritisation of family planning and the advocacy strategies used by its proponents are assessed. The implications for the future of family planning in Kenya and elsewhere in Africa are considered.

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Presented in Session 55: Family Planning in Kenya