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Demographic dimensions of the urbanization process in selected African countries: New prospects and challenges

Mohammad Mirzaie, University of Tehran
Nader Motie Haghshenas, Population Studies and Research Center in Asia and the Pacific
Mahmoud Moshfegh, Population studies and Reseach Center For Asian And the pacific
Hossein Javadkhani, Tabriz Azad University, Iran

The aim of this paper is explaining demographic dimensions of the urbanization process in Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya and Rwanda. Data is from annual report of UNDP for 2006.Degree and tempo are the most basic demographic dimensions of the urbanization process. Several indices have been presented for measuring the degree of urbanization,each of which allows analysis of one particular aspect of the phenomenon.In general,the tempo of urbanization is measured by comparing the level of urbanization at two different times. So, it implicitly involves the advantages and disadvantages of the indices used to measure the degree of urbanization. In the end of 20th century, most of the African countries have experienced urbanization transition along with the demographic transition.We have tried to show demographic dimensions of urbanization during 1975-2004.The results indicate that there are fluctuations among these countries.Yet,the future of urbanization will remain a challenging but increasingly important task in the coming decades.

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Presented in Session 75: Urbanization and human welfare