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Non Malthusian perspectives on population and development in Latin America and Africa

Ezana E. Habte-Gabr, Universidad de La Sabana

The exponential growth of population in the developing world during the last 50 years has resulted in this phenomena being automatically related as a determinant to underdevelopment. This paper examines issues in recent population growth and development from a non-Malthusian perspective addresses issues other than population in analysing underdevelopment as suggested by Julian Simon and Mahmud Mamdani amongst others. These perspectives suggest the benefits and logic of increased fertility rates from sociological and economic perspectives. I suggest that while some countries continue to grow at fast rates at present, but the fact that they are no longer pawns of the Cold War, allows for them to withstand population growth and focus on the economic sector which was not the case earlier. Countries such as Colombia and Ethiopia will be utilized as case studies. Key Words: Development, African, Latin America, Malthusianism, Policy, Colombia, Ethiopia, Geopolitics

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Presented in Session 93: Evidence of Malthusian pressures in subsistence farming population, water sources