Economic inequality in preventive maternal and child health care: A study of rural India
Avishek Hazra, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)
Debabrata Bera, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)
Puspita Datta, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)
This paper examines inequalities in terms of economic well-being in preventive maternal and child health (MCH) care in rural India based on a constructed wealth index using District Level Household Survey (2002-2004) data. Univariate, bi-variate and multilevel analysis has been done for the study purpose. Furthermore, Gini concentration index has been used. Findings reveal that economic well-being status of household to which women or children belong, plays a crucial role in explaining variation in service utilization. Women deprived to take adequate maternal care are concentrated amongst the poorest wealth quintile. Inequality in utilization is found to be more pronounced for between groups compared to within wealth quintiles. The paper notes that factors like improved access to facilities through both supply side initiatives as well as generating social awareness regarding importance of preventive care, and affordability of households towards usage of these services needs to be stressed upon in national policies.
Poster Session 4