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Increasing ageing population and challenges for the welfare of the aged: Case of Ghana

Kofi Awusabo-Asare, University of Cape Coast
Eugene Darteh, University of Cape Coast

The debate on the age structure of population of Africa has concentrated on the young ages. A dimension less discussed is the increasing proportion of the population aged 65 years and above. In Ghana this increased from 3.0% in the 1960s to 5.3% in 2000 due to increasing expectation of life at birth. This is at a time when the traditional system of relying on children is under-going changes and in the absence of a universal social security system. The situation feeds into Caldwell’s wealth-flow hypothesis. The paper analyses the proportion of the population aged 65 years and above in Ghana from 1960 to 2000. Age-related demographics have implications for the welfare of both the aged and those who are to provide support. The emerging situation needs to be addressed comprehensively in order to remove another layer of poor aged people living in rural areas with inadequate support.

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Presented in Session 27: Changes in age structure and their implications for wellbeing