Fertility transitions in Africa at the sub-national level
Bruno D. Schoumaker, Université Catholique de Louvain
Dominique Tabutin, Université Catholique de Louvain
The objective of this paper will be to describe and explain fertility levels and trends at the regional level in sub-Saharan Africa, using all the available demographic and health surveys data collected since the mid 1980s. The first part of the paper will consist in describing levels and trends of general fertility and its main proximate determinants at the regional level. In the second part of the paper, we will analyze the relationships between fertility levels and trends and the main proximate determinants of fertility using the Bongaarts model. The third section will be devoted to the analysis of the influence of socio-economic and demographic factors (education, standard of living, child mortality…) on fertility levels and trends at the regional level. Special attention will be given to the identification of factors linked to the stalling fertility transitions.