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HIV-related knowledge and social discrimination in selected local government areas of Lagos state, Nigeria

Chinwe Nwanna, University of Lagos

This paper assesses the manifestations and factors of HIV-related social discrimination within Epe and Lagos Mainland communities in Lagos state. The recent prevalence rate in Nigeria is 4.4%. Besides health consequences, HIV infection has accentuated the experience of social discrimination. Data were collected from a cross-sectional sample of 1,611 from September 2005 to April 2006 through interviews and focus group discussions. HIV-related knowledge is impressive but one-quarter of respondents wanted PLWHA’s movements restricted; 43% would not share toilets; cutlery (61%); nor rooms with them (30%); 39% would not purchase goods from them. The findings suggest a discrepancy between HIV-related knowledge and discrimination despite an inverse relationship found among those who knew that a healthy-looking person could be with HIV/AIDS. Other significant predictors are education (p<0.05) and place of residence (p<0.001). Domestication and enforcement of international legal instruments to protect the rights of PLWHA and comprehensive HIV education are recommended.

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Presented in Poster Session 2