Differential usage of basic and emergency obstetric care services in Tanzania: Facilitating and impeding factors
Papiya Guha Mazumdar, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)
Sumit Mazumdar, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)
The Government of Tanzania is committed to curb down the rate of maternal mortality, through available and accessible quality maternal health care and also by enabling women’s access to such services. The major stress is on avoiding preventable maternal deaths through Basic and Emergency Obstetric Care (EmOC). Using the DHS-2004 data for the country we examine the differential use and factors influencing women’s uptake of Basic & Emergency Obstetric Care services. Two indicators taken as the proxy for EmOC; proportion of skilled attendance at delivery and births by caesarean section, were observed to be at lower levels than expected, reflecting overall vulnerability. The extent is more pronounced for the poorer sections of women. The paper provides important insights that though economic status plays a major determining role, for success of program other significant individual and household factors should also be gainfully targeted to reach the underserved women in need.