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Population dynamics and human development index in selected African countries: trends and levels

Nader Motie Haghshenas, Population Studies and Research Center in Asia and the Pacific
Arezou Sayadi, Regional Center for Population Research and Studies in Asia and the Pacific
Nahid Salehi, Regional Center for Population Research and Studies in Asia and the Pacific
Tayebeh (Sahel) Taherianfard, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS)

The low level of HDI in African's countries has been affected by high population growth rate. World statistics show that African countries are in low level of HDI ranking, so that HDI for these countries in 2004 was 0.43 and the annual growth rate for 1975-2004 was 2.7.In contrast in the other regions at high HDI ranking, HDI and annual growth rate were 0.89 and 1.1, respectively. This study aims to describe the trends and Levels of demographic variables and HDI in Niger, Sudan, Egypt and Morocco. Data base is taken from annual report of UNDP for the year 2006. The results explain that there are fluctuations in their population composition, and net effect of demographic elements. The HDI has been changed gradually in selected African countries. Population health indices among these countries, confirms a progress in medical care system. Yet, the level and trend of these indices are facing challenges.

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Presented in Session 100: Human capital needs for achieving MDGs in Africa