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“Women's property rights and gendered policies: Implications for women’s long-term welfare in rural Tanzania”

Amber Peterman, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Can giving women property rights lead to long-term gains in health and welfare? This paper uses community-level women’s property and inheritance rights (WPIR) including land and wife inheritance to assess the significance on a variety of health and welfare outcomes. The analysis uses the Kagera Health and Development Survey (KHDS), a longitudinal panel from rural northern Tanzania collected from 1991-2004. The longitudinal nature of the data offers a unique opportunity to examine long term effects of WPIR, which are commonly excluded from micro-level quantitative examination in developing countries due to data constraints. Econometric analysis is used to control mortality and mobility attrition in the panel using inverse probability weights and individual heterogeneity using a difference in difference model. Results point to specific policy changes which have the potential to raise the health and welfare of women and empower them to make strategic choices for themselves and their families.

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Presented in Session 97: Gender inequities and MDGs