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Population and environmental change in South Africa

Dewaram A. Nagdeve, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)

Rapid population growth, poverty and economic development in country are degrading the environment through uncontrolled growth of urbanization, expansion and intensification of agriculture, and destruction of natural habitats. The present paper examines the relationship of population to the environment and with growing population, poverty and urbanization the environment is changing. Conducted an analysis of changes and trends over last twenty five years. The study reveals that the country's population growth is imposing an increasing burden on the country's limited and continually degrading natural resource base. The natural resources are under increasing strain, even though the majority of people survive at subsistence level. The environmental effects like ground water and surface water contamination; air pollution and global warming are of growing concern owing to increasing consumption levels. The paper concludes with some policy reflections, the policy aimed at overall development should certainly include efforts to control population and environmental pollution.

Presented in Session 81: Population and evironmental change in Africa