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Measuring gender differentials through gender dominance ratios: Case of HIV/AIDS prevalence and related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviour in Lesotho and Botswana

Venant R.N Mutabihirwa, National University of Lesotho
Elizabeth P Mukamaambo, University of Botswana

The HIV/AIDS epidemic has been and still is eroding the vital human resources component of the economy in countries like Lesotho and Botswana. This has led the governments and people in these countries to take stern and serious measures to control the spread and mitigate the impact of the epidemic. However, for the related Millennium Development Goals to be attained, it is imperative that there exists equally in male and female population a satisfactory level of knowledge, conducive attitudes, and appropriate behaviour in relation to the epidemic. In this paper, we apply our newly introduced concepts of dominance and dominance ratios to look into gender differentials in the prevalence of HIV/AIDS and related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviour in Lesotho and Botswana across both time and space; ultimately contributing to information on the existence or non-existence of gender dominance in relation to the epidemic in the two countries.

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Presented in Session 70: Knowledge and Attitudes towards HIV and HIV voluntary testing