Malaria in children: Implications on productivity and population growth in Nigeria
Douglason G. Omotor, Delta State University
Augustus O Atubi, Delta State University
Human development efforts especially of children in Africa is one issue that may not be adequately discussed without a focus on malaria epidemic. Malaria is the most clinically important parasitic disease worldwide with estimate that there are 300million to 500million clinical cases annually. These numbers also result in approximately 1.5million to 2.7million deaths. The devastation caused by malaria illness is unique because of its enormous human suffering and economic costs. Malaria, though has been eradicated in temperate zones, it is still a public health threat to over forty percent of the world’s population; and causes ninety percent mortality of children under five-years in sub-Saharan Africa. This paper examines these issues by concentrating on the productivity loss due to the epidemic and the implications on the Nigerian population growth. The paper posits malaria epidemic as a growing problem and that a partnership of all stakeholders is required to reverse the progression.