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Explaining contrasting natural trends and progress in achieving MDG 4

Olumuyiwa L Abejidbe, Joseph Ayo Babalola University
Ayodeji J Kupoluyi, Joseph Ayo Babalola University

The trends and progress in achieving Millennium Development Goal4 have been experiencing steady improvement in the last seven years of its declaration. The goal is aimed at reducing child mortality by two thirds, between 1990 and 2015. Most countries in the sub-Saharan Africa are still trailing far behind. A lot of factors mitigate against their move to achieve remarkable low child mortality rate. This paper examines some of the policies and programmes of the international communities, agencies and Nigerian government in achieving the set goal in the remaining eight years to the end of the stipulated time (2015). Also, the paper discusses the trends and progress of some countries within the Africa continent (especially the Northern Africa) in comparison to Nigeria state of affairs. Reasonable remedies to some of the clog in the wheel of progress in achieving the reduction in child mortality rate are proffered in the paper.

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Presented in Session 54: Trends and Determinants of Child Health and Mortality in sub-Saharan Africa