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Impact of remittances on the socio-economic livelihood of international migrants

Samuel Kojo Antobam, University of the Witwatersrand

The effects of remittances on the receiving households and even nations have been well documented in migration studies. National surveys have been quick at estimating annual figures remittances make in the economy. Very little attention, however, has been paid to the impact remittances make on the socio-economic conditions of those who do the remitting. Using a recently collected data by the Forced Migration Program of the University of Witwatersrand, this paper compares socio-economic experiences of international migrants in Johannesburg, and examines how these conditions affect their remittance behaviour. In doing so, the paper reveals not only the differences in the socio-economic conditions of various international migrants in the city, but also differences in their remittance behaviour. In addition, using relevant variables and statistical models to compute index of socio-economic status of these migrants, the paper elucidates the impact remittances make on the socio-economic status of migrants.

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Presented in Session 69: Consequences of African international migration