Population and environmental change in Africa: Evaluation of a reforestation programme in Urambo District-Tanzania
Mangasini A. Katundu, Sokoine University of Agriculture
The study was conducted in Urambo District Tanzania.Objectives of the study were to : examine role played by primary farmer co-operatives in implementing the programme; determine the planting rate of trees; assess the survival rate of planted trees; and identify constraints faced by farmers in implementing the reforestation programme and their coping strategies.The Study applied a cross-sectional research design. Variety of methods including personal observations questionnaires and focus group discussion were applied. Sample size for the study was 60 primary-farmer co-operative members.Data were analyzed using SPSS, both descriptive and inferential statistics were analyzed. Results from this study show a poor performance of reforestation programme. The programme had both a low planting rate and a low survival rate of 39.6 %. This study recommends that,farmers should be separated from livestock keepers,local authorities to introduce strict by-laws, penalties and fines to those who deliberately burn the forests, concentrating on increasing indigenous species.