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Rural-urban migration and its effects on fertility and child survival in Bangladesh

M. Mazharul Islam, University of Dhaka
Kazi Md. Abul Kalam Azad, Independent University

This paper examines the effect of rural-urban migration on fertility and child survival in urban Bangladesh, using data from the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey. Urban migrants have higher fertility rate than the urban natives. Under five mortality is higher among children born to urban migrants than to lifelong urban natives (102 Vs 62 per 1,000 live births). Rural-urban migrants are disadvantaged by economic status than urban natives. Within the urban areas, the child survival status is even worse among the migrant poor than the average urban poor. The study findings indicates that rapid growth of urban population in recent years due to rural to urban migration coupled with higher risk of mortality among migrant’s children may be considered as one of the major explanation for slower decline in under-five mortality in urban Bangladesh and thus diminishing urban-rural differentials in childhood mortality in Bangladesh.

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Presented in Session 84: Consequences of internal migration