Availability of domestic water in Tanzania: Are we close to realizing the MDG?
Esther W Dungumaro, University of Natal at Durban
To date developing countries are faced with a challenge of providing adequate water and sanitation for all. Governments, international organizations and other development agencies are constantly working towards ensuring that people have safe water and improved sanitation. International efforts are exemplified by, among others, the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The UN specifically stipulated a goal by 2015, to reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe water and basic sanitation. The present paper used the 2002 Tanzania Population and Housing Census and the 2004 Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey to analyze accessibility of water and sanitation in Tanzania. Results suggest that progress has been made, but the country is far from realizing the MDG for water and sanitation. The paper suggests that socioeconomic and demographic factors and poverty reduction measures should receive adequate weight if MDG for water and sanitation is to be realized.