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Changing age-sex structure in selected African countries and their implication on socio-economic development, 1950-2030

Martin E. Palamuleni, North-West University, South Africa
Moses Kibet, North-West University, South Africa

This paper uses data from the recent United Nations population projections to examine the changing age-sex structure in selected African countries and links these to changes in social and economic development. African countries are at different stages of the demographic transition and have differing age-sex structure. Available statistics indicate that Africa is slowly becoming an aging society. The growth of the elderly population presents many problems for the African society. In traditional African societies, the care for elders has been the responsibility of younger family members. This paper focuses on how social change and the rapid growth rate of the aging population have influenced African’s family care-giving traditions, and how changes of the family structure and social values affect the needs of institutionalized care systems. In addition, the paper looks at how countries respond to the new realities through appropriate policies and programmes to meet the needs of all age groups.

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Presented in Poster Session 4