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Urban-ethno communal conflict in Africa: Nigeria

Abidemi R Asiyanbola, Olabisi Onabanjo University

The paper presents an empirical study on urban ethno-communal conflict in Nigeria: the case of Ife-Modakeke. The data used is from a larger household survey carried out by the author in Ife-Modakeke community. Among the issues examined are perception of the conflict, how past violence conflict is recollected, and attitude of people towards violence/conflicts/use of weapons, and, social interaction among the people of the two communities. The result of the correlation analysis shows: (i) negative relationship between perception of the conflict and social interaction; (ii) positive relationship between perception of the conflict and attitude towards violence/conflicts/use of weapons; and (iii) negative relationship between social interaction and attitude towards violence/conflicts/use of weapons. This result suggests that policies that encourage social integration, psycho-social healing and psychological transformation could enhance the attainment of sustainable peace among the people of the two communities. Keywords: Ethnicity; Conflict; Sustainable peace; Africa; Nigeria

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Presented in Session 63: Populations in conflict situations