Epidemiological transition in Morocco
Imane Jroundi, Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie de Rabat
During 50 last years Morrocan’s pubic health knew an improvement which resulted in increase in the life expectancy to the birth (70,5 years against 47 years), reduction in the rough rate of mortality (5,5 ‰ against 19 ‰), reduction in the infant mortality (40 deaths against 118 per 1000 births), and reduction, even eradication, of diseases target vaccination. The analysis of the load of total morbidity, emphasizes an epidemiological transition, where the load of total morbidity of the group of the no communicable diseases (diabetes, arterial hypertension, cancer…) is higher than that of the group of the transmissible diseases, showing as well as Morocco faces a double burden of morbidity. The implication of these changes on the Moroccan health System and the need to adapt in terms of curative care and prevention of risks are reported and discussed.